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fire alarm sprinkler control panel

Not all sprinkler systems are created equal. There are many variations of fire sprinkler systems, but only a few of them will be the right system for your situation.

Below are seven types of fire sprinkler systems, and use case scenarios for each one.

Traditional Fire Sprinklers

Also known as wet-pipe sprinklers, these are the most common types of sprinkler systems. The system’s pipes use pressurized water to douse fires. Wet pipe sprinklers are used in most situations since they are effective and affordable.

Dry Pipe Sprinklers

As the name implies, dry pipe sprinklers don’t keep water in the pipes. Instead, this sprinkler system uses either nitrogen or pressurized air; it contains the water until the system detects a fire. Businesses use dry pipe systems in freezing temperature environments where there is a risk that water could freeze in the pipes.

Pre-Action Sprinkler Systems

It’s best to install these sprinklers where if a sprinkler discharges prematurely, it will cause irreparable damage. This system uses a two-step process:

  1. When a fire is detected, water fills the pipes via a pre-action valve.
  2. After the water fills the pipes, water is activated to douse the fire.

Deluge Fire Sprinklers

You see deluge sprinkler systems in industrial buildings that store flammable liquids. A deluge system doesn’t use the heat sensors that most other sprinkler systems use. This system uses a common trigger to open the valves. When the valves open, the water flows to the pipes and sprays out from all the heads, dousing the entire area at once. 

Foam Sprinkler Systems

Foam sprinklers use a combination of water and foam to douse a fire. Foam sprinklers work best in areas where flammable liquids and other hazardous materials are stored or handled.

Early Suppression Fast Response (ESFR)

Businesses use the ESFR sprinkler system in warehouses. An ESFR sprinkler system is a high-velocity system, typically installed in the ceiling. They are installed in ceilings to prevent damaging items in storage areas.

In-Rack Sprinkler Systems

In-rack systems also see use in warehouses. Unlike ESFR systems, you place in-rack sprinkler systems by the storage areas. They are used to contain fires in small spaces and keep the storage area from being destroyed by a fire.

Which Sprinkler System is Right for You?

Now that you know the best use for each kind of sprinkler system, it’s time to pick the right system for you and your current situation. Pick a sprinkler system that fits your needs and stays in compliance with local ordinances. A sound fire sprinkler system is one of the most important business purchases you can make.

We work with Las Vegas businesses to ensure the sprinkler system and the fire protection they need is set up and working to ensure the long term success and safety of that business.